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Oncology

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Urologic Oncology

Urologic Oncology

Radical Prostatectomy

A radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the prostate gland and attached seminal vesicles. Lymph nodes near the prostate can be removed at the same time. Radical prostatectomy is one treatment option for men with localized prostate cancer.

Radical Cystectomy

A radical cystectomy is done to treat bladder cancer. This means the surgeon removes the bladder, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, front wall of the vagina, and the urethra.

Radical Nephrectomy

Radical nephrectomy is the treatment of choice for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). In certain circumstances, radical nephrectomy is also indicated to treat locally advanced RCC and metastatic RCC.

Radical Nephroureterectomy

Radical or total nephrectomy is the surgical removal of the kidney, the fat surrounding the kidney and the adrenal gland, which sits atop the kidney. A nephroureterectomy is a more involved procedure, which includes a radical nephrectomy plus removal of the entire ureter together with a cuff of bladder. Know

Partial Nephrectomy

A surgical technique called partial nephrectomy removes only the diseased part of your kidney while sparing the healthy, functioning kidney tissue.

Orchidectomy

An orchidectomy (also called orchiectomy) is done to help control the growth of prostate cancer. It is an operation to remove your testicles (testes). Prostate cancer needs testosterone in order to grow.

Penectomy

Penectomy , is a surgical procedure, where partial or complete removal of the penis is done. It can be performed for a variety of reasons; if a child's penis is injured beyond repair during a circumcision , if penile cancer necessitates removal or if a male pursues gender reassignment surgery.

Partial Partial penectomies are intended to save as much of the penis as possible in order to allow normal sexual and urinary function. They are usually performed in cases of penile cancer.

Total Total, or radial penectomies involve the removal of the whole penis. While the procedure is relatively similar to the partial penectomy in some ways, surgeons must make special allowances in this type of surgery to ensure that the bodily functions continue to work properly. For example, urinary diversion to the area between the scrotum and the anus is made permanent.

Radical cystectomy

It involves the removal of the entire bladder. In the case of radical cystectomy, other pelvic organs and structures are also removed because of the tendency of bladder cancer to spread to nearby tissues. After the patient is placed under general anesthesia, an incision is made into the lower abdomen. Blood vessels leading to and from the bladder are ligated (tied off), and the bladder is divided from the urethra, ureters, and other tissues holding it in place. The bladder may then be removed.

The surgical procedure for radical cystectomy differs between male and female patients. In men, the prostate, seminal vesicles, and pelvic lymph nodes are removed with the bladder. In women, the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, anterior (front) part of the vagina, and pelvic lymph nodes are removed with the bladder. If the surgery is being performed as a treatment for cancer, the removed tissues may be examined for the presence of abnormal cells.